Escaping the jaws of a Loan Shark

As part of our work in the community, we sadly come across people who have become victims of loan sharks.

There is no shame. People always fall for it and can involve someone you thought of as a friend or at least a friendly acquaintance. That is why we have included sessions around the subject as part of our Live Longer Better programme.

It is difficult to be happy when you are worried about money, but it is even easier to be completely miserable when you owe money to someone who constantly ramps up the repayments and makes the prospect of ever settling the debt might on impossible.

We hear stories from people on the Torbay Community Helpline who were already struggling and were dragged down further by the complication of a debt that cannot ever be repaid. But remember, it is not you that is in the wrong. You are the borrower; the illegal act is on behalf of the lender.

Over half of the people supported by the England Illegal Money Lending Team so far this year borrowed from someone they thought was a friend but who turned out to be a ruthless loan shark.

They ended up paying back extortionate interest rates and many faced threats, intimidation and violence when they couldn’t meet the repayments.

The IMLT, which investigates and prosecutes illegal money lenders in England, says illegal money lenders are experts at deception and often pose as a friendly face, winning victims over with offers of small loans to meet unexpected expenses. But when it comes to repayments, things can quickly turn nasty.

It highlighted the issue with its Stop Loan Sharks Week campaign, which ran at the end of October. The national campaign runs every year and this year the theme is Behind the Mask.

Tony Quigley, head of the IMLT, said: “These illegal money lenders are experts at deception. They are friendly and approachable at first, but when the time comes to make the repayments they can show their true face – a ruthless criminal intent on exploiting the most vulnerable.

“We want people to be aware that not all illegal money lenders look like they do on TV. They can be another mum in the playground, a neighbour, a work colleague, or even a longstanding family friend.

“But it is a mask and behind it, they are not your friend; they are lining their own pockets at your expense and ruining lives.

“There are far safer ways of accessing affordable credit, like credit unions. If anyone thinks they have been targeted in this way, they should contact our specialist team of advisers in confidence for help and support.”

IMLT figures show that 56 per cent of the people supported by the organisation in the first half of 2023 said they borrowed from someone they thought was a friend.

They borrowed anything between £30 and £30,000, with 54 per cent saying they needed the money to cover everyday living costs like bills and food.

Over half – 58 per cent – went without food, fuel or making priority payments in order to repay the illegal lender.

The Centre for Social Justice estimates that around 1.08 million people are borrowing from loan sharks in the UK. Since its launch in 2004, the IMLT has supported over 31,000 people and written off over £91 million worth of illegal debt, securing over 410 prosecutions for illegal money lending.

Do not suffer in silence. You are not alone and there is help out there, all you need to do is pick up the phone, sooner rather than later. Anyone who thinks they have been targeted by an illegal money lender or has information about illegal lending is urged to contact the IMLT.

People can call the 24/7 confidential hotline on 0300 555 222; text a report to 078600 22116 or send a private message on

They can also visit the website where there is a live chat facility from 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday.

And as always if you need any other help with your finances or to put food on the table, there is one number, the one for the Torbay Community Helpline – one call, that’s all 01803 446022. We are here for you.

Image by wirestock on Freepik